Amplitude death and restoration in networks of oscillators with random-walk diffusion
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Systems composed of reactive particles diffusing in a network display emergent dynamics. While Fick’s diffusion can lead to Turing patterns, other diffusion schemes might display more complex phenomena. Here we study the death and restoration of collective oscillations in networks of oscillators coupled by random-walk diffusion, which modifies both the original unstable fixed point and the stable limit-cycle, making them topology-dependent. By means of numerical simulations we show that, in some cases, the diffusion-induced heterogeneity stabilizes the initially unstable fixed point via a Hopf bifurcation. Further increasing the coupling strength can moreover restore the oscillations. A numerical stability analysis indicates that this phenomenology corresponds to a case of amplitude death, where the inhomogeneous stabilized solution arises from the interplay of random walk diffusion and heterogeneous topology. Our results are relevant in the fields of epidemic spreading or ecological dispersion, where random walk diffusion is more prevalent.
CitationClusella, P.; Pastor-Satorras, R. Amplitude death and restoration in networks of oscillators with random-walk diffusion. "Communications Physics", 26 Gener 2021, vol. 4, núm. 13, p. 1-11.