Improvement of the signal-to-noise ratio in a low power self-mixing interferometer using a coupled interferometric effect
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We present experimental results of a low-emission self-mixing interferometer that uses a coupled interferometric effect to improve the signal produced by a vibrating target. This method is intended to be useful in applications where the target is prone to be damaged by high-intensity laser sources. The beam of a Fabry-Perot laser diode is split and ~21% of the original emission is used to measure the harmonic micro-displacements of the target using the self-mixing effect. A portion of the residual beam, which also carries the interferometric information related to the target displacement, is reinjected back into the laser cavity by means of a fixed reflector, causing a second interferometric phenomenon that improves the signal-to-noise ratio of the measurement by up to ~13 dB. A theoretical description of the phenomena is also proposed. Further, we apply this technique to the two most common self-mixing sensing schemes: internal photodiode and junction voltage. The reported results show good agreement with theory and prove the capability of the method to enhance the SNR in SMI schemes.
CitationYañez, C.; Royo, S. Improvement of the signal-to-noise ratio in a low power self-mixing interferometer using a coupled interferometric effect. "Optics express", 7 Desembre 2020, vol. 28, núm. 25, p. 37708-37720.
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