Using the STROBE statement: survey findings emphasized the role of journals in enforcing reporting guidelines
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Objectives The objective of the study was to identify factors affecting the use of the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement, specifically authors’ attitudes toward and experiences with it. Study Design and Setting An online survey was distributed to authors of observational studies recruited via social media, personal network snowballing, and mass mailings using targeted search strategies. Data on demographics, awareness, motivators, and usage were collected in conjunction with a modified Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) scale on which confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was performed. Results One thousand fifteen participants completed the survey. Of these, 185 (18.2%) indicated they had never heard of STROBE nor used it previously, 195 (19.2%) had heard of it but never used it, and 635 (62.6%) had used it. Journals promoting STROBE were both key motivators and awareness mechanisms; peers and educational workshops were also important influencing factors to a lesser degree. The internal consistency of the modified UTAUT scale was strong (Cronbach's alpha = 0.94). CFA supported a four-factor model with 23 questions. Conclusion The endorsement of STROBE by journals is key to authors’ awareness and use of the guideline. We tested and validated our scale which can guide future research on reporting guidelines.
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CitationSharp, M. [et al.]. Using the STROBE statement: survey findings emphasized the role of journals in enforcing reporting guidelines. "Journal of clinical epidemiology", 1 Desembre 2019, vol. 116, p. 26-35.