Suitability of Active Noise Barriers for Construction Sites
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Barriers are increasingly used to protect the pedestrian and neighboring buildings from construction noise activities. This study aims to investigate the suitability of applying active noise control on barriers in a construction site to protect the street area and neighboring buildings. Transducers that are simulated in this work are close to the barrier, and their optimal positions are defined in such a way that the control system has the maximum performance at the neighboring areas close to the construction sites. To begin with, the suitable location of the control sources is found when the total squared pressure is minimized at the positions of noise receivers. The suitable location of the error sensors is, then, found when the control sources are fixed at the position of the previous step and the total squared pressure isminimized at the error sensors. The best location for the error sensors is defined when the maximum reduction is achieved in the target area. It is observed that suitable positions for the transducers depend on the location of target areas for noise control, the position of the noise source, and its operating frequency. In this investigation, a unique configuration is proposed for the transducers that achieves a comparable reduction both at the street area and the neighboring buildings, simultaneously. The results show that the active noise barrier with a height of 2.5 m can achieve an extra insertion loss in the street zone, varies from 9.3 to 16.4 dB (in comparison with passive noise barrier) when the distance of the noise source from the barrier changes in the range of 7 to 1 m, respectively. Those values are of the same order for the passive noise attenuation. Furthermore, similar results are achieved when attempting to cancel the shadow zone of a façade 15 m away from the barrier.
CitationSohrabi, S.; Pàmies, T.; Romeu, J. Suitability of Active Noise Barriers for Construction Sites. "Applied sciences", 4 Setembre 2020, vol. 10, núm. 6160, p. 1-17.