Simplistic correlations between molecular electronic properties and inhibition efficiencies: Do they really exist?
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The often used simplistic correlations between molecular electronic parameters and experimentally determined corrosion inhibition efficiencies are critically evaluated for a set of 24 heterocyclic organic compounds, tested as corrosion inhibitors for copper in 3 wt.% NaCl aqueous solution. Twelve different molecular electronic descriptors—such as ionization potential, electron affinity, HOMO–LUMO gap, dipole moment—are tested and it is shown that none of them displays any noticeable correlation with the inhibition efficiency. Our results, therefore, cast serious doubt on reported correlations between such parameters and inhibition efficiency, obtained for only a few inhibitors, which are abundant in the literature. We also discuss some pros and cons of inhibition efficiency as a metric for evaluating the performance of corrosion inhibitors, and introduce a new metric termed inhibition power that uses the universal logarithmic scale and dimensionless decibel (dB) units.
CitationKokalj, A. [et al.]. Simplistic correlations between molecular electronic properties and inhibition efficiencies: Do they really exist? "Corrosion science", 23 Juliol 2020, vol. 179, p. 108856: 1-108856:12.