A data-centric directive-based framework to accelerate out-of-core stencil computation on a GPU
PublisherInstitute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers
Rights accessOpen Access
All rights reserved. This work is protected by the corresponding intellectual and industrial property rights. Without prejudice to any existing legal exemptions, reproduction, distribution, public communication or transformation of this work are prohibited without permission of the copyright holder
Graphics processing units (GPUs) are highly efficient architectures for parallel stencil code; however, the small device (i.e., GPU) memory capacity (several tens of GBs) necessitates the use of out-of-core computation to process excess data. Great programming effort is needed to manually implement efficient out-of-core stencil code. To relieve such programming burdens, directive-based frameworks emerged, such as the pipelined accelerator (PACC); however, they usually lack specific optimizations to reduce data transfer. In this paper, we extend PACC with two data-centric optimizations to address data transfer problems. The first is a direct-mapping scheme that eliminates host (i.e., CPU) buffers, which intermediate between the original data and device buffers. The second is a region-sharing scheme that significantly reduces host-to-device data transfer. The extended PACC was applied to an acoustic wave propagator, automatically extending the length of original serial code 2.3-fold to obtain the out-of-core code. Experimental results revealed that on a Tesla V100 GPU, the generated code ran 41.0, 22.1, and 3.6 times as fast as implementations based on Open Multi-Processing (OpenMP), Unified Memory, and the previous PACC, respectively. The generated code also demonstrated usefulness with small datasets that fit in the device capacity, running 1.3 times as fast as an in-core implementation.
Special Section on Parallel, Distributed, and Reconfigurable Computing, and Networking
CitationShen, J. [et al.]. A data-centric directive-based framework to accelerate out-of-core stencil computation on a GPU. "EICE Transactions on Information and Systems", 1 Desembre 2020, vol. E103.D, núm. 12, p. 2421-2434.