Proposals and analysis of future emission free scenarios for the Spanish energy system
Document typeMaster thesis
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One of the main problems that humanity is facing is global warming and climate change. This is happening as a consequence of the CO2 emissions that humans are emitting to the atmosphere. The main source of these emissions is the production of primary energy with nonrenewable sources. The project topic is to propose different scenarios combining nuclear energy and renewable energies to substitute the CO2 emitting power plants that actually exist in Spain, in order to achieve a clean scenario. The world is moving towards a more electrified future, the demand and consumption of electricity will be increasing in the following years and the country has to be ready for it. Also, it has to solve first its current limitations and deficiencies. Spain is a country with a very diversified energy mix, it has been taking actions toward a more green energy mix but is still far from the goal of a non-polluting energy system. On top of that, there is a transition from traditional gasoline and diesel powered cars to electric cars, which will have a big impact on the demand of electricity. Also, to convert Spain in an electricity exporter and help other countries with fewer resources to change their energy production system in order to reduce their emissions as well and get money to finance the inversions needed for the transition. An improvement of connectivity with other countries, will produce also an increase of the efficiency in renewable energy sources, making it possible to use this energy at its fullest when it peaks, avoiding loss of production due to the difficulties of storage because of actual energy storage limitations. The goal of this project is to achieve an almost 100% green energy production in Spain and with that contribute to the reduction of total CO2 emissions. This will be achieved closing all the current CO2 emitting centrals, starting from the ones emitting more pollution (carbon), proposing different scenarios to make this situation possible. The timeline of this project will be to try to achieve these scenarios in 2050 when the EU has the target to reach 100% green energy.
DegreeMÀSTER UNIVERSITARI EN ENGINYERIA INDUSTRIAL (Pla 2014)