Multibattery-fed neutral-point-clamped DC-AC converter with SoC balancing control to maximize capacity utilization
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Rights accessOpen Access
This paper studies a multilevel multiphase dc-ac conversion system configured by a neutral-point-clamped converter fed by multiple battery packs connected in series. A virtual-vector modulation is selected and a state-of-charge (SoC) balancing control is designed to be able to employ the full battery bank capacity, even under different battery initial SoC values or different battery nominal capacities. The SoC balancing among battery packs is accomplished through the multilevel converter operation in a lossless manner, by simply distributing the dc-to-ac power flow among the batteries according to their SoC. A simple average system model is also presented, which allows performing very fast system simulations over long periods of time and serves as a convenient tool to tune the compensator parameters. The satisfactory performance of the proposed system configuration and control, which can be applied with any number of levels and phases, has been verified through simulations and experiments in a four-level three-phase dc-ac converter fed by three lithium-ion battery packs. The results prove the feasibility and advantages of the proposed system configuration, which can be used to implement conversion systems with different specifications combining several instances of a standard battery pack and a standard power semiconductor device
CitationBusquets-Monge, S. [et al.]. Multibattery-fed neutral-point-clamped DC-AC converter with SoC balancing control to maximize capacity utilization. "IEEE transactions on industrial electronics", 1 Gener 2020, vol. 67, núm. 1, p. 16-27.