A fracture mechanics approach to develop high crash resistant microstructures by press hardening
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Crashworthiness is a relevant engineering property for car parts. However it is not easy to measure at laboratory scale and complex impact tests have to be carried out to determine it. Crash re-sistance for high strength steel is commonly evaluated in terms of cracking pattern and energy absorption in crashed specimens. Accordingly, the material resistance to crack propagation, i.e. the fracture toughness, could be used to rank crashworthiness. It has been proved in a previous work by the authors, so the measure of fracture toughness, in the frame of fracture mechanics in small laboratory specimens, would allow determining the best microstructure for crash resistance parts. Press hardening offers the possibility to obtain a wide range of microstructural configura-tions, with different mechanical properties. So the aim of this work is to evaluate the fracture toughness following the essential work of fracture methodology for ferrite-pearlite, bainite, ferrite-bainite, martensite and martensite-bainite microstructures. Results showed that bainitic micro-structures have high fracture toughness, similar to TWIP and CP steels, which allows pointing them as potential candidates for obtaining high crash resistance in parts manufactured by press hardening.
CitationCasellas, D. [et al.]. A fracture mechanics approach to develop high crash resistant microstructures by press hardening. A: International Conference on Hot Sheet Metal Forming of High-Performance Steel. "6th International Conference Hot Sheet Metal Forming of High-Performance Steel CHS2, Atlanta, Georgia, 4-7 June 2017". 2017, p. 101-107. ISBN 978-1-935117-66-7.
- Departament d'Enginyeria Minera, Industrial i TIC - Master thesis 
- Doctorat en Ciència i Enginyeria dels Materials - Master thesis 
- Departament d'Enginyeria Minera, Industrial i TIC - Ponències/Comunicacions de congressos 
- Doctorat en Ciència i Enginyeria dels Materials - Ponències/Comunicacions de congressos