Combining transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation to predict somatic mutations altering the gene regulatory program in cancer cells
Document typeConference report
PublisherBarcelona Supercomputing Center
Rights accessOpen Access
While most cancer studies focused on patient variations lying in protein-coding regions, the noncoding ~98% of the genome, containing cis-regulatory regions that control when and where genes are expressed, is largely unexplored. Transcription factors are key proteins binding to cis-regulatory regions to modulate the rate of gene transcription. Delineating the specific positions at which a TF binds DNA is of high importance in deciphering gene regulation. As cancer is a disease of disrupted cellular regulation, it is critical to analyze these regions to highlight patient somatic mutations altering the gene regulatory program of the cells. I will present our recent works on the evaluation of the combined effects of transcriptional and post-transcriptional dysregulation of gene expression. Our analyses culminated with the identification of mutations at TFBSs affecting the expression of key protein-coding and miRNA genes with a cascading dysregulating effect of the cells’ regulatory program. Our predictions were enriched for protein-coding and miRNA genes previously annotated as potential cancer drivers. Functional enrichment analyses highlighted the dysregulation of key pathways associated with carcinogenesis. These results confirm that our method predicts cis-regulatory mutations related to the dysregulation of key gene regulatory networks in cancer patients. This new strategy represents an original methodology to decipher how the gene regulatory program is disrupted in cancer cells by combining transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression.
CitationMathelier, A. Combining transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation to predict somatic mutations altering the gene regulatory program in cancer cells. A: . Barcelona Supercomputing Center, 2020, p. 11-12.
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