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dc.contributor.authorPatel, Ramkrushnbhai S.
dc.contributor.authorLlort, Joan
dc.contributor.authorStrutton, Peter G.
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Helen E.
dc.contributor.authorMoreau, Sebastien
dc.contributor.authorConde Pardo, Paula
dc.contributor.authorLenton, Andrew
dc.contributor.otherBarcelona Supercomputing Center
dc.identifier.citationPatel, R.S. [et al.]. The biogeochemical structure of Southern Ocean mesoscale eddies. "Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans", Agost 2020, vol. 125, núm. 8, e2020JC016115.
dc.description.abstractMesoscale eddies play a key role in modulating physical and biogeochemical properties across the global ocean. They also play a central role in cross‐frontal transport of heat, freshwater, and carbon, especially in the Southern Ocean. However, the role that eddies play in the biogeochemical cycles is not yet well constrained, partly due to a lack of observations below the surface. Here, we use hydrographic data from two voyages, conducted in the austral summer and autumn, to document the vertical biogeochemical structure of two mesoscale cyclonic eddies and quantify the role of these eddies in the meridional transport of nutrients across the Subantarctic Front. Our study demonstrates that the nutrient distribution is largely driven by eddy dynamics, yielding identical eddy structure below the mixed layer in both seasons. This result allowed us to relate nutrient content to dynamic height and estimate the average transport by eddies across the Subantarctic Front. We found that relative to Subantarctic Zone waters, long‐lived cold‐core eddies carry nitrate anomalies of 1.6±0.2×1010 moles and silicate anomalies of −5.5±0.7×1010 moles across the fronts each year. This cross‐frontal transport of nutrients has negligible impact on Subantarctic Zone productivity; however, it has potential to modify the nutrient content of mode waters that are exported from the Southern Ocean to lower latitudes.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study is a part of the EDDY project: http://southernoceaneddie.wixsite. com/eddies. This research is supported by an Australian Research Council Discovery Project (DP160102870), the Australian Research Council's Special Research Initiative for Antarctic Gateway Partnership (SR140300001), and ship time from Australia's Marine National Facility (MNF). We thank the officers, crew, and technical staff of Australia's MNF R.V. Investigator for their assistance during data collection from both voyages. R. Patel thanks Quantitative Marine Science PhD program for providing financial support to conduct his research. R. Patel also thanks Kimberlee Baldry for thoughtfulinsights into chlorophyll quenching correction. HP acknowledges funding from the Australian Government's National Environmental Science Program. We thank two anonymous reviewers whose constructive comments greatly improved this manuscript.
dc.format.extent24 p.
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria agroalimentària::Ciències de la terra i de la vida::Biologia
dc.subject.lcshOcean currents
dc.subject.lcshAntarctic Ocean
dc.subject.otherMesoscale eddies
dc.subject.otherSouthern Ocean
dc.subject.otherNutrient transport
dc.subject.otherBiogeochemical structure
dc.subject.otherMeridional transport
dc.titleThe biogeochemical structure of Southern Ocean mesoscale eddies
dc.subject.lemacCorrents marins
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
local.citation.publicationNameJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

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