El Grup d'Hidrologia Subterrània realitza recerca, docència i transferència del coneixement a la societat en el camp de la hidrogeologia i la geoquímica. Està format per personal de UPC i CSIC que es complementen, interaccionant i formant sinèrgies. El GHS treballa en la caracterització de mitjans permeables a través de dades hidràuliques i hidroquímiques. Les aplicacions comprenen l’avaluació de recursos d'aigua subterrània, gestió d'aqüífers, estudi de zones humides, intrusió marina i emmagatzematge subterrani de residus i CO2.

The Hydrogeology Group studies the characterisation of permeable media using hydraulic and hydrochemical data as well as environmental isotopes. The applications developed consist in the study of groundwater resources, aquifer management, humid and swamp zones, salt water intrusion, underground residual storage and the unsaturated zone. The quantitative methods used, such as the numerical modelling of flow and mass transport, focus on the regional or local scale. Some of the group?s members carry out numerical modelling and others work on data acquisition. The group often collaborates with the International Hydrogeology Centre.

The Hydrogeology Group studies the characterisation of permeable media using hydraulic and hydrochemical data as well as environmental isotopes. The applications developed consist in the study of groundwater resources, aquifer management, humid and swamp zones, salt water intrusion, underground residual storage and the unsaturated zone. The quantitative methods used, such as the numerical modelling of flow and mass transport, focus on the regional or local scale. Some of the group?s members carry out numerical modelling and others work on data acquisition. The group often collaborates with the International Hydrogeology Centre.

Recent Submissions

  • Water mixing approach (WMA) for reactive transport modeling 

    Soler Sagarra, Joaquim; Saaltink, Maarten Willem; Nardi Ricart, Albert; De Gaspari, Francesca; Carrera Ramírez, Jesús (Elsevier, 2022-03-01)
    Article
    Restricted access - publisher's policy
    We describe a formulation to solve reactive transport (RT) problems. The basic idea is to represent transport as mixing water instead of individual solute concentrations, hence the Water Mixing Approach (WMA) name. This ...
  • A closer look: high-resolution pore-scale simulations of solute transport and mixing through porous media columns 

    Solé Marí, Guillem; Bolster, Diogo; Fernández García, Daniel (2022-01)
    Article
    Restricted access - publisher's policy
    Mixing is pivotal to conservative and reactive transport behaviors in porous media. Methods for investigating mixing processes include mathematical models, laboratory experiments and numerical simulations. The latter have ...
  • Combined simulation and optimization framework for irrigation scheduling in agriculture fields 

    Fontanet Ambrós, Mireia; Fernández García, Daniel; Rodrigo, G; Ferrer, Francesc; Villar Mir, Josep Maria (Springer Nature, 2022-01)
    Article
    Open Access
    In the context of growing evidence of climate change and the fact that agriculture uses about 70% of all the water available for irrigation in semi-arid areas, there is an increasing probability of water scarcity scenarios. ...
  • The multi-advective water mixing approach for transport through heterogeneous media 

    Soler Sagarra, Joaquim; Hakoun, Vivien; Dentz, Marco; Carrera, Jesús (2021-10-12)
    Article
    Open Access
    Finding a numerical method to model solute transport in porous media with high heterogeneity is crucial, especially when chemical reactions are involved. The phase space formulation termed the multi-advective water mixing ...
  • A general and efficient numerical solution of reactive transport with multirate mass transfer 

    Wang, Jingjing; Carrera Ramírez, Jesús; Saaltink, Maarten Willem; Valhondo González, Cristina (2022-01)
    Article
    Open Access
    The presence of low permeability regions within porous media impacts solute transport and the distribution of species concentrations. Therefore, (bio)chemical reactions are equally affected. Multirate Mass Transfer (MRMT) ...
  • Microbial activity enhancement in constructed wetlands operated as bioelectrochemical systems 

    Fernández Gatell, Marta; Corbella Vidal, Clara; Sánchez Vila, Francisco Javier; Puigagut Juárez, Jaume (2022-01)
    Article
    Restricted access - publisher's policy
    Treatment wetlands (TW) operated as bioelectrochemical systems (BES-TW) provide a higher degree of treatment than conventional TW. Yet, the fundamental processes or mechanisms for the envisaged better performance of BES-TW ...
  • Vapor flow control in dune sediments under dry bare soil conditions 

    Kohfahl, Claus; Saaltink, Maarten Willem; Ruíz Bermudo, Fernando (Elsevier, 2021-09)
    Article
    Restricted access - publisher's policy
    The study presents daily values of inward and outward vapor flux crossing the soil-atmosphere boundary in dependence on meteorological parameters and soil moisture. Measurements of vapor flux, soil moisture and meteorological ...
  • Applicability of Landsat 8 thermal infrared sensor for identifying submarine groundwater discharge springs in the Mediterranean Sea basin 

    Jou Claus, Sonia; Folch Sancho, Albert; Garcia Orellana, Jordi (2021-09)
    Article
    Open Access
    Submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) has received increasing attention over the past two decades as a source of nutrients, trace elements, and ocean pollutants that may alter coastal biogeochemical cycles. Assessing SGD ...
  • On the validity of the null current assumption for modeling sorptive reactive transport and electro-diffusion in porous media 

    Tabrizinejadas, Sara; Carrayrou, Jerome; Saaltink, Maarten Willem; Baalousha, Husam Musa; Fahs, Marwan (2021-08)
    Article
    Open Access
    In multispecies electrolyte solutions, each individual species can migrate according to its specific ionic properties. This process is called electrochemical migration or electro-diffusion and is well-described by the ...
  • Benchmark study of simulators for thermo-hydraulic modelling of low enthalpy geothermal processes 

    Mindel, Julian E.; Alt-Epping, Peter; Les Landes, Antoine Armandine; Beernink, Stijn; Birdsell, Daniel T.; Bloemendal, Martin; Hamm, Virginie; López, Simon; Maragna, Charles; Nielsen, Carsten M.; Olivella Pastallé, Sebastià; Perreaux, Marc; Saaltink, Maarten Willem; Saar, Martin O.; Van den Heuvel, Daniela; Vidal Montes, Rubén; Driesner, Thomas (2021-11)
    Article
    Open Access
    In order to assess the thermo-hydraulic modelling capabilities of various geothermal simulators, a comparative test suite was created, consisting of a set of cases designed with conditions relevant to the low-enthalpy range ...
  • New perspectives on the use of 224Ra/228Ra and 222Rn/226Ra activity ratios in groundwater studies 

    Diego Feliu, Marc; Rodellas, Valentí; Saaltink, Maarten Willem; Alorda Kleinglass, Aaron; Goyetche, Tybaud; Martínez Pérez, Laura; Folch Sancho, Albert; Garcia Orellana, Jordi (Elsevier, 2021-05)
    Article
    Restricted access - publisher's policy
    The naturally occurring Ra isotopes (223Ra; T1/2 = 11.4 d, 224Ra; T1/2 = 3.66 d, 226Ra; T1/2 = 1,600 y, and 228Ra; T1/2 = 5.7 y) and Rn (222Rn; T1/2 = 3.82 d) have been widely applied as environmental tracers. The application ...
  • Random-walk modeling of reactive transport in porous media with a reduced-order chemical basis of conservative components 

    Solé Marí, Guillem; Schmidt, Michael J.; Bolster, Diogo; Fernández García, Daniel (2021-04)
    Article
    Open Access
    In this work we employ a reduced-order basis of conservative chemical components to model reactive transport using a Lagrangian (particle tracking) method. While this practice is well-understood in the Eulerian (grid-based) ...

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