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dc.contributor.authorBahamon, Nixon
dc.contributor.authorAguzzi, Jacopo
dc.contributor.authorAhumada-Sempoal, Miguel Ángel
dc.contributor.authorBernardello, Raffaele
dc.contributor.authorReuschel, Charlotte
dc.contributor.authorCompany, Joan Baptista
dc.contributor.authorPeters, Francesc
dc.contributor.authorGordoa, Ana
dc.contributor.authorNavarro, Joan
dc.contributor.authorVelásquez, Zoila
dc.contributor.authorCruzado, Antonio
dc.contributor.otherBarcelona Supercomputing Center
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-08T15:27:15Z
dc.date.available2020-09-08T15:27:15Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationBahamon, N. [et al.]. Stepped coastal water warming revealed by multiparametric monitoring at NW Mediterranean fixed stations. "Sensors", 2020, vol. 20, núm. 9, 2658.
dc.identifier.issn1424-8220
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2117/328533
dc.description.abstractSince 2014, the global land and sea surface temperature has scaled 0.23 °C above the decadal average (2009–2018). Reports indicate that Mediterranean Sea temperatures have been rising at faster rates than in the global ocean. Oceanographic time series of physical and biogeochemical data collected from an onboard and a multisensor mooring array in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea (Blanes submarine canyon, Balearic Sea) during 2009–2018 revealed an abrupt temperature rising since 2014, in line with regional and global warming. Since 2014, the oligotrophic conditions of the water column have intensified, with temperature increasing 0.61 °C on the surface and 0.47 °C in the whole water column in continental shelf waters. Water transparency has increased due to a decrease in turbidity anomaly of −0.1 FTU. Since 2013, inshore chlorophyll a concentration remained below the average (−0.15 mg·l−1) and silicates showed a declining trend. The mixed layer depth showed deepening in winter and remained steady in summer. The net surface heat fluxes did not show any trend linked to the local warming, probably due to the influence of incoming offshore waters produced by the interaction between the Northern Current and the submarine canyon. Present regional and global water heating pattern is increasing the stress of highly diverse coastal ecosystems at unprecedented levels, as reported by the literature. The strengthening of the oligotrophic conditions in the study area may also apply as a cautionary warning to similar coastal ecosystems around the world following the global warming trend.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe OOCS was initially funded by the Spanish National Research Project OAMMS Ref. CTM2008-03983 (PI. A.C). The research projects ADEPT Ref. CTM2011-23458 Ref. CTM2008-03983 (PI. F.P) and CONECTA Ref. CTM2014-54648-C2−1-R (PI J.B.C) partially contributed to the OOCS operations.
dc.format.extent17 p.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 Spain
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Desenvolupament humà i sostenible::Degradació ambiental::Canvi climàtic
dc.subject.lcshCoastal ecosystem health
dc.subject.lcshSensor networks
dc.subject.lcshSeawater--Analysis
dc.subject.otherOligotrophy
dc.subject.otherWater warming
dc.subject.otherLong time-series
dc.subject.otherMultiparametric buoy profiling
dc.subject.otherMarine-observing systems
dc.titleStepped coastal water warming revealed by multiparametric monitoring at NW Mediterranean fixed stations
dc.typeArticle
dc.subject.lemacEscalfament global
dc.subject.lemacMediterrània, Mar -- Aspectes ambientals
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/s20092658
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.subject.amsSeawater--Analysis
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/20/9/2658
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
local.citation.other2658
local.citation.publicationNameSensors
local.citation.volume20
local.citation.number9


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