Predicting daily mean wind speed in Europe weeks ahead from MJO status
PublisherAmerican Meteorological Society
Rights accessOpen Access
European Commission's projectS2S4E - Sub-seasonal to Seasonal climate forecasting for Energy (EC-H2020-776787)
The Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO), a prominent feature of the tropical atmospheric circulation at subseasonal time scales, is known to modulate atmospheric variability in the Euro-Atlantic region. However, current subseasonal prediction systems fail to accurately reproduce the physical processes involved in these teleconnection mechanisms. This paper explores the observed impact of strong MJO events on surface wind speed over Europe. It is found that some MJO phases are accompanied by strong wind anomalies in Europe. After showing that this teleconnective mechanism is not present in the predictions of the ECMWF monthly forecasting system, a methodology to reconstruct forecasts of daily mean wind speed in the continent weeks ahead is proposed. This method combines MJO forecasts from the S2S project database and the observed teleconnection impacts in the historical records. Although it is found that strong MJO events cannot be skillfully predicted more than 10 days ahead with current prediction systems, a theoretical experiment shows that this method can effectively transform a dynamical MJO forecast into a probabilistic wind speed prediction in Europe.
CitationLledó, L.; Doblas-Reyes, F. Predicting daily mean wind speed in Europe weeks ahead from MJO status. "Monthly Weather Review", Juliol 2020, vol. 148, núm. 8, p. 3413-3426.
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