Accurate off-line phase classification for HW/SW co-designed processors
Document typeConference report
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Rights accessOpen Access
Evaluation techniques in microprocessor design are mostly based on simulating selected application's samples using a cycle-accurate simulator. These samples usually correspond to different phases of the application stream. To identify these phases, relevant high-level application statistics are collected and clustered using a process named "Off-Line Phase Classification". The purpose of phase classification is to reduce the number of samples that need to be simulated with the minimum loss in accuracy (compared to simulating the complete set of samples). Unfortunately, when directly applied to HW/SWco-designed processors1 the traditional phase classifications do not provide a good trade-off between accuracy and the number of samples. As an example, according to our experimental results, to achieve a 4% error (compared to simulating all the samples) one needs to simulate 2.5X more samples for the case of HW/SW co-designed processors compared to what is necessary for HW-only processors. In this paper, we propose a novel off-line phase classification scheme called TOL Description Vector (TDV), which is suitable for HW/SW co-designed processors. TDV targets at estimating the TOL particularities and on average gives significantly better accuracy than traditional phase classification for any number of selected samples. For instance, TDV reaches the average error of 3% with 3X less samples than traditional classifiation. These benefits apply for different TOL and microarchitecture configurations.
CitationBrankovic, A. [et al.]. Accurate off-line phase classification for HW/SW co-designed processors. A: ACM International Conference on Computing Frontiers. "CF '14: Proceedings of the 11th ACM Conference on Computing Frontiers". Cagliari: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2014.