Outcomes of work–life balance on job satisfaction, life satisfaction and mental health: a study across seven cultures
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This study investigates the effects of work–life balance (WLB) on several individual outcomes across cultures. Using a sample of 1416 employees from seven distinct populations – Malaysian, Chinese, New Zealand Maori, New Zealand European, Spanish, French, and Italian – SEM analysis showed thatWLB was positively related to job and life satisfaction and negatively related to anxiety and depression across the seven cultures. Individualism/collectivism and gender egalitarianism moderated these relationships. High levels of WLB were more positively associated with job and life satisfaction for individuals in individualistic cultures, comparedwith individuals in collectivistic cultures. High levels ofWLB were more positively associated with job and life satisfaction andmore negatively associated with anxiety for individuals in gender egalitarian cultures. Overall, we find strong support for WLB being beneficial for employees from various cultures and for culture as a moderator of these relationships.
CitationHaar, J. [et al.]. Outcomes of work–life balance on job satisfaction, life satisfaction and mental health: a study across seven cultures. "Journal of vocational behavior", 07 Setembre 2014, vol. 85, núm. 3, p. 361-373.