Low modulus Ti-Nb-Hf alloy for biomedical applications
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beta-Type titanium alloys with a low elastic modulus are a potential strategy to reduce stress shielding effect and to enhance bone remodeling in implants used to substitute failed hard tissue. For biomaterial application, investigation on the mechanical behavior, the corrosion resistance and the cell response is required. The new Ti25Nb16Hf alloy was studied before and after 95% cold rolling (95% C.R.). The mechanical properties were determined by tensile testing and its corrosion behavior was analyzed by potentiostatic equipment in Hank's solution at 37 degrees C. The cell response was studied by means of cytotoxicity evaluation, cell adhesion and proliferation measurements. The stress-strain curves showed the lowest elastic modulus (42 GPa) in the cold worked alloy and high tensile strength, similar to that of Ti6Al4V. The new alloy exhibited better corrosion resistance in terms of open circuit potential (E-OCP), but was similar in terms of corrosion current density (i(CORR)) compared to Ti grade II. Cytotoxicity studies revealed that the chemical composition of the alloy does not induce cytotoxic activity. Cell studies in the new alloy showed a lower adhesion and a higher proliferation compared toll grade II presenting, therefore, mechanical features similar to those of human cortical bone and, simultaneously, a good cell response. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
CitationGonzález, M. [et al.]. Low modulus Ti-Nb-Hf alloy for biomedical applications. "Materials science and engineering C. Biomimetic and supramolecular systems", 01 Setembre 2014, vol. 42, p. 691-695.