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dc.contributor.authorAcosta Humánez, Primitivo Belén
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez Ramírez, Martha
dc.contributor.authorDelgado Fernández, Joaquín
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Matemàtica Aplicada I
dc.description.abstractThe basic theory of Differential Galois and in particular Morales--Ramis theory is reviewed with focus in analyzing the non--integrability of various problems of few bodies in Celestial Mechanics. The main theoretical tools are: Morales--Ramis theorem, the algebrization me\-thod of Acosta--Bl\'azquez and Kovacic's algorithm. Morales--Ramis states that if Hamiltonian system has an additional meromorphic integral in involution in a neighborhood of a specific solution, then the differential Galois group of the normal variational equations is abelian. The algebrization method permits under general conditions to recast the variational equation in a form suitable for its analysis by means of Kovacic's algorithm. We apply these tools to various examples of few body problems in Celestial Mechanics: (a) the elliptic restricted three body in the plane with collision of the primaries; (b) a general Hamiltonian system of two degrees of freedom with homogeneous potential of degree $-1$; here we perform McGehee's blow up and obtain the normal variational equation in the form of an hypergeometric equation. We recover Yoshida's criterion for non--integrability. Then we contrast two methods to compute the Galois group: the well known, based in the Schwartz--Kimura table, and the lesser based in Kovacic's algorithm. We apply these methodology to three problems: the rectangular four body problem, the anisotropic Kepler problem and two uncoupled Kepler problems in the line; the last two depend on a mass parameter, but while in the anisotropic problem it is integrable for only two values of the parameter, the two uncoupled Kepler problems is completely integrable for all values of the masses.
dc.format.extent33 p.
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Matemàtiques i estadística
dc.subject.lcshHamiltonian systems
dc.subject.lcshDifferential algebra
dc.subject.lcshDifferential equations
dc.subject.lcshLagrangian functions
dc.subject.lcshNonlinear operators
dc.subject.othern-body problem
dc.subject.otherMorales-Ramis theory
dc.subject.otherKovacic's algorithm
dc.subject.otherKimura's theorem
dc.titleNon-integrability of some few body problems in two degrees of freedom
dc.subject.lemacHamilton, Sistemes de
dc.subject.lemacÀlgebra diferencial
dc.subject.lemacEquacions en diferències
dc.subject.lemacLagrange, Funcions de
dc.subject.lemacPartícules (Física nuclear)
dc.subject.lemacoperadors no lineals
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. EGSA - Equacions Diferencials, Geometria, Sistemes Dinàmics i de Control, i Aplicacions
dc.subject.amsClassificació AMS::37 Dynamical systems and ergodic theory::37J Finite-dimensional Hamiltonian, Lagrangian, contact, and nonholonomic systems
dc.subject.amsClassificació AMS::12 Field theory and polynomials::12H Differential and difference algebra
dc.subject.amsClassificació AMS::34 Ordinary differential equations::34M Differential equations in the complex domain
dc.subject.amsClassificació AMS::70 Mechanics of particles and systems::70H Hamiltonian and Lagrangian mechanics
dc.subject.amsClassificació AMS::70 Mechanics of particles and systems::70F Dynamics of a system of particles, including celestial mechanics
dc.subject.amsClassificació AMS::47 Operator theory::47J Equations and inequalities involving nonlinear operators
dc.rights.accessOpen Access

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
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