Ionic liquids as a carrier for chloride reduction from brackish water using hollow fiber renewal liquid membrane
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High concentration of chloride ions in continental water is a great problem for the exploitation of these natural resources. In industry, the use of this water involves additional conditioning steps. For drinking water and irrigation uses, the Cl- must be reduced by conventional water treatment processes, like ion exchange or reverse osmosis, but for large scale production these techniques could be very expensive due to resin regeneration or energy costs. The possibility of using supported liquid membranes (SLM) with ionic liquids (IL), Aliquat 336, Cyphos IL 101 and Cyphos IL 167, as carriers to exchange Cl- for HCO3- anion has been shown to work. The reversibility of this anion exchange was corroborated by solvent extraction experiments and implemented in flat sheet supported liquid membrane (FSSLM) and hollow fiber renewal liquid membrane technologies (HFRLM). About double transport values have been obtained in HFRLM compared to SLM and 1 h is the time enough to reduce the chloride concentration up to 250 mg/L using HFRLM at the best experimental condition. The results obtained allow us to be optimistic about the implementation of this technology on a large scale to chloride reduction in drinking water when the source is inadequate for direct use. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
CitationFortuny, A.; Coll, M.; Sastre, A. Ionic liquids as a carrier for chloride reduction from brackish water using hollow fiber renewal liquid membrane. "Desalination", 16 Juny 2014, vol. 343, p. 54-59.