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dc.contributor.authorCarrión Fité, Francisco Javier
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Tèxtil i Paperera
dc.date.accessioned2014-04-08T10:59:34Z
dc.date.created2014-03
dc.date.issued2014-03
dc.identifier.citationCarrion, F. The detergency of surfactant mixtures and bentonites on cotton fabric. "Tenside surfactants detergents", Març 2014, vol. 51, núm. 2, p. 126-132.
dc.identifier.issn0932-3414
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2117/22551
dc.description.abstractThe primary aim of this work is to attain improvement of the softness of cotton fabric during the washing process with ecological surfactants. To attain that improvement, sodium bentonite was added to the detergent formulations to produce a softening effect during washing and obtain the so called “soft detergent” effect. Sodium bentonite (a mineral composed mainly of hydrated aluminium silicates) was mixed with the surfactants used in ecological detergents. This product was used with a suitable particle size that, given its large specific surface area, facilitated its deposition on the cotton fabric, producing the desired effect of increasing the softness of the washed fabric. The surfactants used were an anionic surfactant, namely LAS, and two non-ionic surfactants, namely APG and AE, used separately and as mixtures, without co-formulants, to demonstrate their detersive power in one wash and repeated washes, depending on the nature of the surfactants and on their separate mixtures an mixtures in different proportions of anionic and non-ionic surfactants in combination in all cases with a constant concentration of sodium bentonite with two particle sizes. Evaluation was performed of the subjective softness (to the touch) of pairs of samples by several observers and also of changes in whiteness after deposition of the bentonite during washing
dc.format.extent7 p.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria tèxtil
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria química::Indústries químiques::Química tèxtil
dc.subject.lcshDetergents
dc.subject.lcshSurface active agents
dc.subject.lcshCotton fabrics
dc.subject.lcshTextile chemicals
dc.subject.otherDetergency
dc.subject.otherBentonite
dc.subject.otherSurfactant mixtures
dc.subject.otherSoftening
dc.subject.otherWhiteness
dc.titleThe detergency of surfactant mixtures and bentonites on cotton fabric
dc.typeArticle
dc.subject.lemacDetergents
dc.subject.lemacQuímica tèxtil
dc.subject.lemacTensioactius -- Aplicacions industrials
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. TECTEX - Grup de Recerca en Tecnologia Tèxtil
dc.rights.accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
local.identifier.drac13709392
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
dc.date.lift10000-01-01
local.citation.authorCarrion, F.
local.citation.publicationNameTenside surfactants detergents
local.citation.volume51
local.citation.number2
local.citation.startingPage126
local.citation.endingPage132


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