Connectivity: properties and structure
Document typePart of book or chapter of book
PublisherCRC Press Taylor & Francis Group
Rights accessOpen Access
Connectivity is one of the central concepts of graph theory, from both a theoret- ical and a practical point of view. Its theoretical implications are mainly based on the existence of nice max-min characterization results, such as Menger’s theorems. In these theorems, one condition which is clearly necessary also turns out to be sufficient. Moreover, these results are closely related to some other key theorems in graph theory: Ford and Fulkerson’s theorem about flows and Hall’s theorem on perfect matchings. With respect to the applications, the study of connectivity parameters of graphs and digraphs is of great interest in the design of reliable and fault-tolerant interconnection or communication networks. Since graph connectivity has been so widely studied, we limit ourselves here to the presentation of some of the key results dealing with finite simple graphs and digraphs. For results about infinite graphs and connectivity algorithms the reader can consult, for instance, Aharoni and Diestel [AhDi94], Gibbons [Gi85], Halin [Ha00], Henzinger, Rao, and Gabow [HeRaGa00], Wigderson [Wi92]. For further details, we refer the reader to some of the good textbooks and surveys available on the subject: Berge [Be76], Bermond, Homobono, and Peyrat [BeHoPe89], Frank [Fr90, Fr94, Fr95], Gross and Yellen [GrYe06], Hellwig and Volkmann [HeVo08], Lov ´asz [Lo93], Mader [Ma79], Oellermann [Oe96], Tutte [Tu66].
CitationBalbuena, M.; Fàbrega, J.; Fiol, M. Connectivity: properties and structure. A: "Handbook of Graph Theory, Second Edition". CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, 2013, p. 234-257.