High-accuracy determination of the neutron flux at n TOF
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European Commisision's projectANDES - Accurate Nuclear Data for nuclear Energy Sustainability (EC-FP7-249671)
The neutron flux of the n TOF facility at CERN was measured, after installation of the new spallation target, with four different systems based on three neutron-converting reactions, which represent accepted cross sections standards in different energy regions. A careful comparison and combination of the different measurements allowed us to reach an unprecedented accuracy on the energy dependence of the neutron flux in the very wide range (thermal to 1 GeV) that characterizes the n TOF neutron beam. This is a pre-requisite for the high accuracy of cross section measurements at n TOF. An unexpected anomaly in the neutron-induced fission cross section of 235U is observed in the energy region between 10 and 30 keV, hinting at a possible overestimation of this important cross section, well above currently assigned uncertainties.
CitationBarbagallo, M. [et al.]. High-accuracy determination of the neutron flux at n TOF. "European physical journal A", 18 Desembre 2013, vol. 49, núm. 12, p. 15601-15611.