Sonochemical coating of textiles with hybrid ZnO/chitosan antimicrobial nanoparticles
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European Commisision's projectSONO - A pilot line of antibacterial and antifungal medical textiles based on a sonochemical process (EC-FP7-228730)
Textiles are good substrates for growth of microorg anisms especially under moisture and temperature conditions found in hospitals. Microbia l shedding from the body occurs continuously at contact of the patient with textile materials used in medical practice, contributing to the occurrence of hospital acquired infections. Thus, the use of efficient antimicrobial textiles is necessary to prevent the transfer of pathogens a nd the infection incidence. In this work, hybrid antimicrobial coatings were generated on cotton fab rics by means of a one-step simultaneous sonochemical deposition of ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) and chitosan. The process was further optimized in terms of reagents concentration and pr ocessing time in order to improve the antibacterial properties of the fabric and ensure t heir biocompatibility. The highest antibacterial activity of the fabrics against two medically relev ant bacterial species was achieved in a 30 min sonochemical coating process using 2 mM ZnO NPs sus pension. When chitosan was simultaneously deposited with the same amount of Zn O, the obtained hybrid NPs coating displayed higher by 48 and 17 % antibacterial activ ity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli , respectively. The presence of biopolymer also imp roved the durability of the antimicrobial effect of the coatings by 21 % for Staphylococcus aureus and 40 % for Escherichia coli , evaluated after applying multiple washing cycles at hospital laundering regimes. Finally, 87 % biocompatibility improvement supported by fibrobl ast viability was observed for the hybrid ZnO/chitosan coating compared to the steady decreas e of cells viability over one week in contact with the fabrics coated with ZnO alone.
CitationPetkova, P. [et al.]. Sonochemical coating of textiles with hybrid ZnO/chitosan antimicrobial nanoparticles. "ACS applied materials and interfaces", 09 Gener 2014.