Classiﬁcation of acoustic events using SVM-based clustering schemes
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Acoustic events produced in controlled environments may carry information useful for perceptually aware interfaces. In this paper we focus on the problem of classifying 16 types of meeting-room acoustic events. First of all, we have defined the events and gathered a sound database. Then, several classifiers based on support vector machines (SVM) are developed using confusion matrix based clustering schemes to deal with the multi-class problem. Also, several sets of acoustic features are defined and used in the classification tests. In the experiments, the developed SVM-based classifiers are compared with an already reported binary tree scheme and with their correlative. Gaussian mixture model (GMM) classifiers. The best results are obtained with a tree SVM-based classifier that may use a different feature set at each node. With it, a 31.5% relative average error reduction is obtained with respect to the best result from a conventional binary tree scheme.
CitationTemko, A.; Nadeu, C. Classiﬁcation of acoustic events using SVM-based clustering schemes. Pattern Recognition, 2006, vol. 39, p. 682–694.