Ultrastructural damage of "loligo vulgaris" and "illex coindetii" statocysts after low frequency sound exposure
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There is a considerable lack of information concerning marine invertebrate sensitivity to sound exposure. However, recent findings on cuttlefish and octopi showed that exposure to artificial noise had a direct consequence on the functionality and physiology of the statocysts, sensory organs, which are responsible for their equilibrium and movements in the water column. Owing to a lack of available data on deep diving cephalopod species, we conducted a noise exposure comparative experiment on one Mediterranean squid, Illex coindetii, and on the European squid Loligo vulgaris. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed similar injuries in the inner structure of the statocysts, as those found in cuttlefish and octopi. In addition to the ultrastructural description of the lesions, we publish here the first images of the crista-cupula system and inner statocyst cavity of I. coindetii.
CitationSole, M. [et al.]. Ultrastructural damage of "loligo vulgaris" and "illex coindetii" statocysts after low frequency sound exposure. "PLoS One", 15 Octubre 2013, vol. 8, núm. 10, p. e78825-1-e78825-12.