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dc.contributor.authorChen, Albert Y.
dc.contributor.authorPeña Mora, Feniosky
dc.contributor.authorPlans Pujolràs, Albert
dc.contributor.authorMehta, Saumil J.
dc.contributor.authorAziz, Zeeshan
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Projectes d'Enginyeria
dc.identifier.citationChen, A. [et al.]. Supporting Urban Search and Rescue with digital assessments of structures and requests of response resources. "Advanced engineering informatics", Octubre 2013, vol. 26, núm. 4, p. 833-845.
dc.description.abstractFirst responders, including structural engineers and firefighters, inspect buildings and identify the structural integrity of buildings within a disaster affected area. The performance of their inspection and dissemination of the assessment information are critical to Urban Search and Rescue (US&R) operations. This paper presents an innovative approach for structural assessment and resource requests through an application – Supporting Urban Preparedness and Emergency Response using Mobile Ad hoc Network (SUPER-MAN). The goal of this research is to address challenges encountered in the current practice for structural engineers and first responders to inspect and disseminate building damage assessments and resource requests more efficiently to support US&R. The SUPER-MAN system is equipped with Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags, as the storage device of assessment information on the disaster site, and a Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) with a Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) implementation for communication. SUPER-MAN strengthens responders’ situational awareness, reduces confusion of inconsistent assessment formats, and automates information dissemination and editing. As a result, lifesaving operations are adequately prioritized, risk of first responders are minimized, and requests of response resources are facilitated. Results obtained from field trials carried out at the Illinois Fire Service Institute with a simulated disaster scenario and computer simulations of the MANET are presented to highlight the benefits provided by SUPER-MAN.
dc.format.extent13 p.
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Informàtica::Sistemes d'informació
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria de la telecomunicació::Radiocomunicació i exploració electromagnètica::Circuits de microones, radiofreqüència i ones mil·limètriques
dc.subject.lcshRadio frequency identification systems
dc.subject.lcshMobile communication systems
dc.subject.lcshSearch and rescue operations
dc.subject.lcshEmergency management
dc.subject.lcshGeographic information systems
dc.subject.lcshStructural failures
dc.subject.otherUrban Search and Rescue
dc.subject.otherBuilding assessment
dc.titleSupporting Urban Search and Rescue with digital assessments of structures and requests of response resources
dc.subject.lemacSistemes d'identificació per radiofreqüència
dc.subject.lemacComunicacions mòbils, Sistemes de
dc.subject.lemacOperacions de recerca i salvament
dc.subject.lemacGestió de les situacions d'emergència
dc.subject.lemacSistemes d'informació geogràfica
dc.subject.lemacResistència estructural
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. PITP - Projectes d'Innovació Tecnològica de Productes
dc.rights.accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
local.citation.authorChen, A.; Peña, F.; Plans, A.; Mehta, S.; Aziz, Z.
local.citation.publicationNameAdvanced engineering informatics

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