La recerca del nostre grup és en l'Electricitat Atmosfèrica i especialment en el fenomen del llamp. A la recerca bàsica treballem en: l'estudi de la física del fenomen del llamp; els esdeveniments lluminosos a l'alta atmosfera TLE; les emissions terrestres d'alta energia TGF; les emissions d’altes energies en llamps i descàrregues elèctriques; l'activitat de llamps en tempestes severes; i els camps electromagnètics produïts per llamps. També realitzem recerca aplicada en: la protecció contra el llamp d’aerogeneradors i avions; sistemes de seguiment i avís de tempestes; assaigs d'alta tensió al laboratori; etc. Bona part de la recerca del grup es centra en la missió ASIM de l’ESA on hem establert el Laboratori natural de la Vall de l'Ebre amb les instal·lacions de referència a Europa com ara: la torre de mesura de llamps del Niu de l’Àliga; la xarxa de traçat de llamps 3D Lightning Mapping Array, càmeres d’alta velocitat, interferòmetres VHF, detectors d'altes energies; i altres.

La investigación de nuestro grupo se desarrolla en el ámbito de la electricidad atmosférica y especialmente sobre el fenómeno del rayo. En la investigación básica trabajamos en el estudio de la física del fenómeno del rayo; los acontecimientos luminosos en la alta atmósfera (TLE); las emisiones terrestres de alta energía (TGF);
las emisiones de altas energías en rayos y descargas eléctricas; la actividad de los rayos en tormentas severas, y los campos electromagnéticos producidos por los rayos. También realizamos investigación aplicada en la protección contra el rayo de aerogeneradores y aviones; los sistemas de seguimiento y aviso de tormentas; los ensayos de alta tensión en el laboratorio, etc. Una buena parte de la investigación del grupo se centra en la misión ASIM de la ESA, a la que contribuimos mediante el Laboratorio del Valle del Ebro, que contiene instalaciones de referencia en Europa, como la torre de medición de rayos del Niu de l’Àliga; la red de trazado de rayos 3D (lightning mapping array); cámaras de alta velocidad; interferómetros VHF;detectores de altas energías, y otros.

Our group's research tackles the field of atmospheric electricity and particularly the phenomenon of lightning. In our basic research we study the physics of lightning, transient luminous events (TLEs) in the upper atmosphere, terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs), high-energy emissions in lightning and electrical discharges, lightning activity in severe storms and electromagnetic fields produced by lightning. We also carry out applied research on lightning protection for wind turbines and aircraft, storm monitoring and warning systems, high-voltage laboratory tests, etc. Much of the Group's research focuses on the ESA's ASIM mission, to which we contribute via the Ebro Valley Laboratory’s benchmark European facilities, such as the lightning measurement tower in Niu de l’Àliga, a lightning mapping array, high-speed cameras, VHF interferometers and high energy detectors. Lightning physics and effects and atmospheric electricity processes. Lightning effects and protection on electrical systems, wind turbines and aircraft. Lightning location systems, observation and measurement of lightning parameters. Observation of mesospheric electrical discharges. High voltage test and research on the energetic processes of electrical sparks. Research on the protection of composite materials employed in aerospace and wind energy industry. Electromagnetic simulation and testing of complex structures.

Our group's research tackles the field of atmospheric electricity and particularly the phenomenon of lightning. In our basic research we study the physics of lightning, transient luminous events (TLEs) in the upper atmosphere, terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs), high-energy emissions in lightning and electrical discharges, lightning activity in severe storms and electromagnetic fields produced by lightning. We also carry out applied research on lightning protection for wind turbines and aircraft, storm monitoring and warning systems, high-voltage laboratory tests, etc. Much of the Group's research focuses on the ESA's ASIM mission, to which we contribute via the Ebro Valley Laboratory’s benchmark European facilities, such as the lightning measurement tower in Niu de l’Àliga, a lightning mapping array, high-speed cameras, VHF interferometers and high energy detectors. Lightning physics and effects and atmospheric electricity processes. Lightning effects and protection on electrical systems, wind turbines and aircraft. Lightning location systems, observation and measurement of lightning parameters. Observation of mesospheric electrical discharges. High voltage test and research on the energetic processes of electrical sparks. Research on the protection of composite materials employed in aerospace and wind energy industry. Electromagnetic simulation and testing of complex structures.

Recent Submissions

  • Ground-based observations of 337 nm and 777 nm optical emissions produced by lightning 

    Roncancio Guzmán, José Andrés; Montañá Puig, Juan; López Trujillo, Jesús Alberto; Urbani, Michele; Van der Velde, Oscar Arnoud; Sousa Arcanjo, Marcelo Augusto (John Wiley & sons, 2024-05-11)
    Article
    Open Access
    Lightning flashes were observed in Barrancabermeja (Colombia) by two photometers centered at 337 and 777 nm wavelengths, a high-speed camera, and the Colombia Lightning Mapping Array. Both optical and VHF radio emissions ...
  • Recurrent lightning spots: where lightning strikes more than twice 

    Solà de las Fuentes, Glòria; López Trujillo, Jesús Alberto; Montañá Puig, Juan; Pineda Rüegg, Nicolau; Williams, Earle Rolfe (John Wiley & sons, 2024-03-16)
    Article
    Open Access
    The expression “lightning never strikes twice” is questioned in this paper because, among the randomness of lightning impacts, some spots are hit even more than twice year after year. This article introduces the recurrent ...
  • High production of gigantic jets by a thunderstorm over Indian Ocean 

    Soula, Serge; Mlynarczyk, Janusz; Van der Velde, Oscar Arnoud; Montanya Puig, Joan; Leclerc, Emmanuel (John Wiley & sons, 2023-11-16)
    Article
    Open Access
    Thirteen gigantic jets (GJ) were observed on 12 February 2020, with a sensitive video camera located at Maïdo Observatory, La Réunion Island in Indian Ocean. They were produced within 68 min by nearby cells embedded in a ...
  • Análisis de estructuras de carga de dos tormentas eléctricas registradas por lared Lightning Mapping Array en el Magdalena Medio colombiano 

    Ardila Murillo, Brandon Steven; Soto Ríos, Edison Andrés; Argüello Barbosa, Didier; Tello Rodríguez, Heribert; López Trujillo, Jesús Alberto; Montañá Puig, Juan (2022-05-01)
    Article
    Open Access
    A partir de la ubicación de la red Lightning Mapping Array LMA en límites de los municipios de Barrancabermeja y Yondó en 2018, se han tomado datos ininterrumpidos de descargas IC y CG que ocurren sobre esta zona de estudio. ...
  • Spectroscopy of a mesospheric ghost reveals iron emissions 

    Passas, Maria; Van der Velde, Oscar Arnoud; Gordillo Vázquez, Francisco; Gómez-Martín, Juan Carlos; Sánchez, Justo; Pérez Invernón, Francisco José; Sánchez-Ramírez, Rubén; García Comas, Maia; Montañá Puig, Juan (2023-12-12)
    Article
    Open Access
    Mesospheric Green emissions from excited Oxygen in Sprite Tops (ghosts) are infrequent and faint greenish transient luminous events that remain for hundreds of milliseconds on top of certain energetic sprites. The main ...
  • Lightning-produced nitrogen oxides per flash length obtained by using TROPOMI observations and the Ebro lightning mapping array 

    Pérez Invernón, Francisco José; Gordillo Vázquez, Francisco; Van der Velde, Oscar Arnoud; Montañá Puig, Juan; Pineda Rüegg, Nicolau; López Trujillo, Jesús Alberto; Huntrieser, Heidi; Valks, Pieter; Loyola, Diego; Sero, Sora; Erbertseder, Thilo (2023-12-28)
    Article
    Open Access
    Lightning is one of the main sources of NOx in the Earth's atmosphere. However, there is a large variability in NOx production during the lifetime of thunderstorms. In this study, we used the TROPOspheric Monitoring ...
  • New era of lightning detection from space: application to electric power systems 

    Montañá Puig, Juan; López Trujillo, Jesús Alberto; Van der Velde, Oscar Arnoud; Solà de las Fuentes, Glòria; Romero Durán, David; Morales Rodríguez, Carlos Augusto; Visacro, Silverio; Goodman, Steven J.; Williams, Earle Rolfe; Peterson, Michael J.; Pineda Rüegg, Nicolau; Sousa Arcanjo, Marcelo Augusto; Aranguren Fino, Harby Daniel (2021)
    Conference report
    Restricted access - publisher's policy
    Information about lightning activity and its parameters is necessary to design and evaluate the lightning protection of an electrical power system. This information can be obtained from ground-based lightning detection ...
  • Winter lightning triggered by wind-turbines: the case of snowstorm Filomena 

    Pineda Rüegg, Nicolau; Fabró Tapia, Ferran; Montañá Puig, Juan; López Trujillo, Jesús Alberto; Solà de las Fuentes, Glòria; Rodríguez Ballester, Oriol (2022)
    Conference report
    Restricted access - publisher's policy
    Winter storm Filomena battered the Iberian Peninsula on the 9-10th January 2021, covering the eastern half of Spain with a huge amount of snow. Apart from the historical snowfall, lightning activity was observed during ...
  • Experimental study of the charge saturation levels of an aircraft with an active electrostatic charge control system 

    Fontanes Molina, Pol; Martell, Benjamin C.; Candela Rubio, Héctor; Guerra García, Carmen; Montañá Puig, Juan (2022)
    Conference report
    Restricted access - publisher's policy
    Artificially charging an aircraft might reduce the risk of triggered-lightning. In this study, we explore the charging limits of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle charged using an artificial electrostatic charge control system ...
  • Impact of electrical engineering didactic videos during emergency remote learning 

    Lijo, Ruben; Quevedo, Eduardo; Castro, Jose Juan; Horta Bernús, Ricard (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023)
    Article
    Open Access
    This article demonstrates that didactic videos have the potential to enhance quality perception, performance and interest in engineering education. Emergency Remote Learning (ERL) imposed challenging conditions on education, ...
  • Upward propagation of gigantic jets revealed by 3D radio and optical mapping 

    Boggs, Levi D.; Mach, Doug; Bruning, Eric; Liu, Ningyu; Van der Velde, Oscar Arnoud; Montanya Puig, Joan; Cummer, Steven A.; Palivec, Kevin; Chmielewski, Vanna; MacGorman, Donald R.; Peterson, Michael J. (2022-08-05)
    Article
    Open Access
    Occasionally, lightning will exit the top of a thunderstorm and connect to the lower edge of space, forming a gigantic jet. Here, we report on observations of a negative gigantic jet that transferred an extraordinary amount ...
  • Small scale simulation of lightning using vertical wires deployed by drones: on the land and sea peak current asymetry 

    Montañá Puig, Juan; Fontanes Molina, Pol; Arcanjo, Marcelo; Urbani, Michele; Williams, Earle Rolfe; Romero Durán, David; Horta Bernús, Ricard; López Trujillo, Jesús Alberto; Van der Velde, Oscar Arnoud; Pineda Rüegg, Nicolau (2022)
    Conference report
    Restricted access - publisher's policy
    In this work we simulate lightning by means of vertical wires deployed by a multirotor drone under fair weather conditions. These wires, when isolated from ground, acquire an electric potential by virtue of electrostatic ...

View more