Influence of foaming process on the structure-properties relationship of foamed LDPE/silica nanocomposites
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In this paper LDPE/silica nanocomposites are foamed by two different processes. First one is the pressure quench method which is based on the use of a physical blowing agent and second one is the improved compression moulding technique. As the latter process uses a chemical blowing agent, both types of foamed nanocomposites will provide very useful information about the relationship between foaming process-microstructure and macroscopic properties. Results have revealed how silica nanoparticles are able to act as nucleating sites during foaming step in both processes; however, the optimum amount of particles strongly depends on the foaming route. Thermal and mechanical properties of solid and foamed nanocomposites have been analyzed by means of thermogravimetric analysis and compression tests. Results have revealed that nanosilica particles act as effective nucleating agents, not only reducing cell size and increasing cell density but also achieving more homogeneous cellular structures. Thermal and mechanical properties are improved due to the presence of silica nanoparticles. It has been found that the improvement degree reached for samples produced using chemical blowing agents is greater than that achieved for samples produced using physical blowing agents.
CitationSaiz, C. [et al.]. Influence of foaming process on the structure-properties relationship of foamed LDPE/silica nanocomposites. "Composites Part B: Engineering", Maig 2013, vol. 48, p. 40-50.
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