Nanoscale Imaging and Control of hexagonal Boron-Nitride Single Photon Emitters by a Resonant Nano-antenna
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Defect centers in two-dimensional hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) are drawing attention as single-photon emitters with high photostability at room temperature. With their ultrahigh photon-stability, hBN single-photon emitters are promising for new applications in quantum technologies and for 2D-material based optoelectronics. Here, we control the emission rate of hBN-defects by coupling to resonant plasmonic nanocavities. By deterministic control of the antenna, we acquire high-resolution emission maps of the single hBN-defects. Using time-gating, we can discriminate the hBN-defect emission from the antenna luminescence. We observe sharp dips (40 nm fwhm) in emission, together with a reduction in luminescence lifetime. Comparing with finite-difference time-domain simulations, we conclude that both radiative and nonradiative rates are enhanced, effectively reducing the quantum efficiency. Also, the large refractive index of hBN largely screens off the local antenna field enhancement. Finally, based on the insight gained we propose a close-contact design for an order of magnitude brighter hBN single-photon emission.
CitationPalombo Blascetta, N. [et al.]. Nanoscale Imaging and Control of hexagonal Boron-Nitride Single Photon Emitters by a Resonant Nano-antenna. "", 13 Febrer 2020, vol. 20, núm. 3, p. 1992-1999.