Flexural stiffness reduction for stainless steel SHS and RHS members prone to local buckling
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In this paper, flexural stiffness reduction factor formulations, applicable to stainless steel members with compact cold-formed square and rectangular hollow section (SHS and RHS), are extended to account for local buckling effects and initial localized imperfection (ω). Local buckling effects and the influence of ω are accounted for by means of reducing the gross section resistance using a strength reduction factor ρ. ρ, determined by the Direct Analysis Method, depending on cross-section slenderness, is adopted. For in-plane stainless steel elements with non-compact and slender sections, results determined by the extended flexural stiffness reduction factor coupled with Geometrically Nonlinear Analysis (GNA) are verified against those determined by Geometrically and Materially Nonlinear Analysis with Imperfections (GMNIA). It is found that GNA with the extended flexural stiffness reduction factor (using beam element) generally achieves the accuracy of GMNIA (using shell element). Probabilistic studies based on 3D models with random ω are carried out to evaluate the effect of uncertainty in ω on the accuracy of GNA with the extended beam-column flexural stiffness reduction factor.
CitationShen, Y.; Chacon, R. Flexural stiffness reduction for stainless steel SHS and RHS members prone to local buckling. "Thin-walled structures", Octubre 2020, vol. 155, p. 106939:1-106939:15.
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