Low intrusive coupling of implicit and explicit integration schemes for structural dynamics: application to low energy impacts on composite structures
Document typeConference report
Rights accessOpen Access
Simulation of low energy impacts on composite structures is a key feature in aeronautics. Unfortunately they are very expensive: on the one side, the structures of interest have large dimensions and need fine volumic meshes (at least locally) in order to capture damages. On the other side small time steps are required to ensure the explicit algorithms stability which are commonly used in these kind of simulations . Implicit algorithms are in fact rarely used in this situation because of the roughness of the solutions that leads to prohibitive expensive time steps or even to non convergence of Newtonlike iterative processes. It is also observed that rough phenomenons are localized in space and time (near the impacted zone). It may therefore be advantageous to adopt a multiscale space/time approach by splitting the structure into several substructures owning there own space/time discretization and their own integration schemes. The purpose of this decomposition is to take advantage of the specificities of both algorithms families: explicit scheme focuses on rough areas while smoother (actually linear) parts of the solutions are computed with larger time steps with an implicit scheme. We propose here an implementation of the Gravouil-Combescure method (GC)  by the mean of low intrusive coupling between the implicit finite element analysis (FEA) code Z-set and the explicit FEA code Europlexus. Simulations of low energy impacts on composite stiffened panels are presented. It is shown on this application that time step ratios up to 5000 can be reached. However, computations related to the explicit domain still remain a bottleneck in terms of cpu time.
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