Evaluation of automotive weatherstrip by coupled analysis of fluid-structure-noise interaction
Document typeConference report
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Automotive weatherstrip plays a major role in isolating the passenger compartment from water, dust and noise, etc. Among them, the wind noise through weatherstrip is the most severe factor making the passenger uncomfortable. Weatherstrip should be in contact between the door and the body frame, and sufficient contact area is needed to minimize the wind noise through weatherstrip. But there are several factors that make it difficult to ensure sufficient contact area. First, weatherstrip rubber deteriorates as time goes by and residual stress in the rubber becomes relaxed which results in the decrease of the contact area. Second, the gap between the door and the body increases due to pressure difference at high speed. In order to predict and reduce wind noise through weatherstrip, nonlinear behaviour of rubber at high speed and he effect of rubber deformation to wind noise should both be analyzed. In the paper, rubber deformation with time is obtained by hyperelastic and viscoelastic analyses, while the gap between the door and the body frame of the vehicle going at a high speed was predicted by the coupled analysis, Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI). And also Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) calculates the amount of wind noise numerically caused by rubber deformation under high speed condition.