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dc.contributor.authorQuispe Coica, Filimon Alejandro
dc.contributor.authorFernández, Sonia
dc.contributor.authorAcharte Lume, Luz
dc.contributor.authorPérez Foguet, Agustí
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Doctorat en Enginyeria Ambiental
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Civil i Ambiental
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-16T12:29:00Z
dc.date.available2020-06-16T12:29:00Z
dc.date.issued2020-06
dc.identifier.citationQuispe-Coica, F.A. [et al.]. Status of water quality for human consumption in high-Andean rural communities: discrepancies between techniques for identifying trace metals. "J — Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal", Juny 2020, vol. 3, núm. 2, p. 162-180.
dc.identifier.issn2571-8800
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2117/190880
dc.description.abstractAccess to safe water is essential for people’s lives and health. However, little information is available about the quality of water consumed in rural communities in the Andes of Peru. The difficulties of accessing communities, and the lack of nearby laboratories, raise the question of which techniques are being used or could be used to monitor water quality (and specifically, for trace metal content determination), as discrepancies between different techniques have been reported. This work focuses on water characterization of (i) physicochemical, microbiological, and parasitological parameters; and (ii) the presence of trace metals in a specific Andean region involving five communities, determined by two different techniques: inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). AAS was performed at local laboratories in the province capital located within a 4-h travel distance from sampling points, and ICP-MS was performed in a certified lab in Lima at a 24-h bus travel distance (on average) from sampling points. The physicochemical characterization shows non-compliance with regulations of 16.4% of reservoirs and 23.1% of households. Further, standards for microbiological and parasitological parameters were not met by 14.5% of spring water points, 18.8% of water reservoirs, and 14.3% of households. These results are in agreement with the Peruvian government´s general figures regarding water quality in rural areas. While ICP-MS and AAS gave equivalent results for most pairs of sample metals tested, differences were found for Mo, Mn, Al, Zn, Cd, and Cu concentrations (with larger differences for Mo, Cd, and Cu). Differences in Al and Mo affect the comparison with water quality standards and generate uncertainty in terms of acceptability for human consumption.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by CCD-UPC 2019, grant number 2019-B012.
dc.format.extent19 p.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 Spain
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria civil::Enginyeria hidràulica, marítima i sanitària::Enginyeria sanitària
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Desenvolupament humà i sostenible::Desenvolupament humà::Aigua i sanejament
dc.subject.lcshDrinking water--Peru
dc.subject.otherDrinking water quality
dc.subject.otherHigh-Andean rural communities
dc.subject.otherTrace metals
dc.titleStatus of water quality for human consumption in high-Andean rural communities: discrepancies between techniques for identifying trace metals
dc.typeArticle
dc.subject.lemacAigua potable -- Abastament -- Perú
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. EScGD - Engineering Sciences and Global Development
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/j3020014
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://www.mdpi.com/2571-8800/3/2/14
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
local.identifier.drac28685924
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
local.citation.authorQuispe-Coica, F.A.; Fernández, S.; Acharte, L.; Pérez-Foguet, A.
local.citation.publicationNameJ — Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal
local.citation.volume3
local.citation.number2
local.citation.startingPage162
local.citation.endingPage180


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Attribution 3.0 Spain
Except where otherwise noted, content on this work is licensed under a Creative Commons license : Attribution 3.0 Spain