Novel multifunctional biosurfactant obtained from corn as a stabilizing agent for antidandruff formulations based on Zn pyrithione powder
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)
Rights accessOpen Access
The cosmetic industry provides a wide variety of shampoos to treat dandru¿, containing insoluble ingredients such as Zn pyrithione. However, the solubility of this active ingredient is quite limited in both water and oil media; thus, antidandru¿ formulations must include a large amount of chemically synthesized stabilizing ingredients to avoid their precipitation. In this work, the stabilization of Zn pyrithione in O/W emulsions using a biosurfactant (BS) extract and Tween 80 is studied. The study includes an incomplete factorial design based on the tea tree oil/water ratio and both surfactant and biosurfactant concentrations. The formulations are characterized in terms of particle size, stability after 30 days, and solubility of Zn pyrithione. The formulation that provided the most favorable results contains Tween 80 (5%) and BS extract (2.5%), with an O/W ratio of 0.01. This provides the smallest particle size (40.5 µm), good stability after 30 days (91.0%), and the highest solubility of Zn pyrithione (59%). The results obtained enable the use of the combination of BS extract and Tween 80 as bio/surfactants of antidandru¿ shampoo formulations, along with another antiseptic agent such as tea tree oil. Furthermore, this is the ¿rst work where a biosurfactant is considered to be a stabilizing agent in antidandru¿ formulations.
CitationRincón, M. [et al.]. Novel multifunctional biosurfactant obtained from corn as a stabilizing agent for antidandruff formulations based on Zn pyrithione powder. "ACS omega", 16 Març 2020, vol. 5, núm. 11, p. 5704-5712.