Particle contact laws and their properties for simulation of fluid-sediment interaction with coupled SPH-DEM model
Document typeConference report
Rights accessOpen Access
The transport of sediment due to the interaction of fluid and solids is a prevalent geophysical process. The detailed modelling of the interaction between the fluid and the sediment particles is still a challenging task. In the present study we model the fluid phase by smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) using the classical approach where the fluid is assumed to be weakly compressible. The sediment, in terms of solid spheres made of granite, is modelled by the discrete element method (DEM). Both of them are meshfree particle methods but SPH is a continuum approach and DEM describes the motion and interaction of discrete solid objects. The interaction between SPH and DEM particles is modelled as particle-to-particle contact in combination with a boundary condition at the solid interface. Therefore, a contact law is used to capture the collision process and to ensure balancing of collision forces. In doing so, two contact types have to be modelled, i.e. sediment-sediment and fluid-sediment. The approach and properties these contact types are presented in detail. Advantages and drawbacks of the approaches are discussed based on examples.
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