Discrete element modelling of grain size segregation in bi-disperse granular flows down chute
Document typeConference report
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hree-dimensional DEM simulations of size segregation in granular flows down chute are resented. Different cubic bi-disperse samples are generated by pluviation, on the rough base formed by randomly placed particles. Periodic boundaries are applied to the flow direction and the two sides. Parametric studies involving slope angle, width, volume fraction, and the coefficient of friction are systemically performed. In all presented cases, the steady, fully developed (SFD) state is achieved, where the kinetic energy and fractional volume distribution remain constant. From the macroscopic view, segregations are completed prior to the SFD state with slightly different extents and a thick layer of coarse grains appears on the top of the flow. The profiles of volume fraction are calculated and presented by shear layers. In addition, the trajectories of individual particles are tracked and analysed, showing clearly the contact conditions and shear history experienced by individual particles. It is found that the connectivity of small particles is generally at a lower level than that of the large ones, indicating a high probability of small particles dropping into voids under gravity. On the other hand, the es experience a significant increase of connectivity as they migrate through the layer of small particles.
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