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dc.contributor.authorCatalà Sabaté, Martí
dc.contributor.authorPino González, David
dc.contributor.authorMarchena Angos, Miquel
dc.contributor.authorPalacios, Pablo
dc.contributor.authorUrdiales, Tomás
dc.contributor.authorCardona Iglesias, Pere Joan
dc.contributor.authorAlonso Muñoz, Sergio
dc.contributor.authorLópez Codina, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorPrats Soler, Clara
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez Lacalle, Enrique
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Doctorat en Física Computacional i Aplicada
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Física
dc.identifier.citationCatalà, M. [et al.]. Robust estimation of diagnostic rate and real incidence of COVID-19 for European policymakers. "PloS one", 24 Abril 2020, p. 1-18.
dc.description.abstractPolicymakers need a clear and fast assessment of the real spread of the epidemic of COVID-19 in each of their respective countries. Standard measures of the situation provided by the governments include reported positive cases and total deaths. While total deaths immediately indicate that countries like Italy and Spain have the worst situation as of mid April 2020, on its own, reported cases do not provide a correct picture of the situation. The reason is that different countries diagnose diversely and present very distinctive reported case fatality rate (CFR). The same levels of reported incidence and mortality might hide a very different underlying picture. Here we present a straightforward and robust estimation of the diagnostic rate in each European country. From that estimation we obtain an uniform unbiased incidence of the epidemic. The method to obtain the diagnostic rate is transparent and empiric. The key assumption of the method is that the real CFR in Europe of COVID-19 is not strongly country-dependent. We show that this number is not expected to be biased due to demography nor the way total deaths are reported. The estimation protocol has a dynamic nature, and it has been giving converging numbers for diagnostic rates in all European countries as of mid April 2020. From this diagnostic rate, policy makers can obtain an Effective Potential Growth (EPG) updated everyday providing an unbiased assessment of the countries with more potential to have an uncontrolled situation. The method developed will be used to track possible improvements on the diagnostic rate in European countries as the epidemic evolves.
dc.description.sponsorshipCP, PJC and MC received funding from La Caixa Foundation (ID 100010434), under agreement LCF/PR/GN17/50300003; PJC received funding from Agencia de Gestio d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca (AGAUR), Grup Unitat de Tuberculosi Experimental, 2017-SGR-500; CP, DL, SA, MC received funding from Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovacion y Universidades and FEDER, with the project PGC2018-095456-B-I00. EA-L received funding from Spanish Ministerio de Economia, Industria y Competitividad under grant number SAF2017-88019-C3-2-R. This project has been  partially funded by the European Comission - DG Communications Networks, Content and Technology through the contract LC-01485746
dc.format.extent18 p.
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLOS)
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Ciències de la salut
dc.subject.lcshPandemics -- Prevention and control
dc.subject.lcshPandemics -- Policy making
dc.subject.otherCovid-19: Pandèmies -- Predicció: Presa de decisions
dc.titleRobust estimation of diagnostic rate and real incidence of COVID-19 for European policymakers
dc.subject.lemacCOVID-19 (Malaltia)
dc.subject.lemacMedicina -- Presa de decisions
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. DF - Dinàmica de Fluids: formació d'estructures i aplicacions geofísiques
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. BIOCOM-SC - Grup de Biologia Computacional i Sistemes Complexos
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
local.citation.authorCatalà, M.; Pino, D.; Marchena, M.; Palacios, P.; Urdiales, T.; Cardona, P.J.; Alonso, S.; Lopez, D.; Prats, C.; Alvarez-Lacalle, E.
local.citation.publicationNamePloS one

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