Cost-effective microfabrication of sub-micron-depth channels by femto-laser anti-stiction texturing
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Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and microfluidic devices have found numerous applications in the industrial sector. However, they require a fast, cost-effective and reliable manufacturing process in order to compete with conventional methods. Particularly, at the sub-micron scale, the manufacturing of devices are limited by the dimensional complexity. A proper bonding and stiction prevention of these sub-micron channels are two of the main challenges faced during the fabrication process of low aspect ratio channels. Especially, in the case of using flexible materials such as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). This study presents a direct laser microfabrication method of sub-micron channels using an infrared (IR) ultrashort pulse (femtosecond), capable of manufacturing extremely low aspect ratio channels. These microchannels are manufactured and tested varying their depth from 0.5 µm to 2 µm and width of 15, 20, 25, and 30 µm. The roughness of each pattern was measured by an interferometric microscope. Additionally, the static contact angle of each depth was studied to evaluate the influence of femtosecond laser fabrication method on the wettability of the glass substrate. PDMS, which is a biocompatible polymer, was used to provide a watertight property to the sub-micron channels and also to assist the assembly of external microfluidic hose connections. A 750 nm depth watertight channel was built using this methodology and successfully used as a blood plasma separator (BPS). The device was able to achieve 100% pure plasma without stiction of the PDMS layer to the sub-micron channel within an adequate time. This method provides a novel manufacturing approach useful for various applications such as point-of-care devices
CitationKarimi, S. [et al.]. Cost-effective microfabrication of sub-micron-depth channels by femto-laser anti-stiction texturing. "Biofabrication", 26 Febrer 2020, vol. 12, núm. 2, p. 025021:1-025021:11.