Role of inter-particle friction in granular materials under three dimensional conditions
Document typeConference report
Rights accessOpen Access
The inter-particle friction is known to be an important contributor to the strength and deformation characteristics in granular materials. The mechanism of inter-particle friction to the macroscopic responses can be explained by microscopic investigations. Based on the discrete element method (DEM), a series of true triaxial tests for the cubic granular assembly are carried out and the effects of inter-particle friction coefficient (μ) on the evolutions of macro- and micromechanical parameters of granular materials are studied. The macroscopic stress, the distribution of coordination numbers and contact force with regard to strong and weak contact networks are concerned, as well as the corresponding fabric tensor and anisotropies. Findings indicate that increasing inter-particle friction sharpens the peak value of deviatoric stress and enhances the degree of dilatancy of the granular assembly at the macroscopic level. From the microscopic perspective, the distribution of the coordination number of the weak contact system varies dramatically, while the number of particles with smaller coordination number in the strong contact system changes little with different μ. Besides, the difference between strong and weak contact networks is enlarged, and anisotropy indicators are significantly enhanced, which strengthen the bearing ability of anisotropic stresses in granular materials.