Microscopic calibration of rolling friction to mimic particle shape effects in DEM
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It is widely recognised that particle shape influences the mechanical response of granular materials [1-2]. Rolling resistance elasto-plastic contact models are frequently used to approximate particle shape effects in simulations using the Discrete Element Method (DEM) [3-4]. Such contact models require calibration of several micro-parameters, most importantly a rolling resistance coefficient. In this work, the rolling resistance has been calibrated to reproduce the triaxial tests – in terms of mechanical and kinematic responses – of two different sands: Hostun and Caicos sands. The value of rolling resistance is directly linked to true sphericity, a basic measure of grain shape, as originally proposed in Rorato et al. (2018) . When shape measurements are performed , this link enables independent evaluation of the rolling resistance coefficient for each particle. It does also allow the characteristic shape variability of natural soils to be easily taken into account.