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dc.contributor.authorGross, Mia H.
dc.contributor.authorDonat, Markus G.
dc.contributor.authorAlexander, Lisa V.
dc.contributor.authorSherwood, Steven C.
dc.contributor.otherBarcelona Supercomputing Center
dc.identifier.citationGross, M. H. [et al.]. Amplified warming of seasonal cold extremes relative to the mean in the Northern Hemisphere extratropics. "Earth System Dynamics", 2020, vol. 11, núm. 1, p. 97-111.
dc.description.abstractCold extremes are anticipated to warm at a faster rate than both hot extremes and average temperatures for much of the Northern Hemisphere. Anomalously warm cold extremes can affect numerous sectors, including human health, tourism and various ecosystems that are sensitive to cold temperatures. Using a selection of global climate models, this paper explores the accelerated warming of seasonal cold extremes relative to seasonal mean temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere extratropics. The potential driving physical mechanisms are investigated by assessing conditions on or prior to the day when the cold extreme occurs to understand how the different environmental fields are related. During winter, North America, Europe and much of Eurasia show amplified warming of cold extremes projected for the late 21st century, compared to the mid-20th century. This is shown to be largely driven by reductions in cold air temperature advection, suggested as a likely consequence of Arctic amplification. In spring and autumn, cold extremes are expected to warm faster than average temperatures for most of the Northern Hemisphere mid-latitudes to high latitudes, particularly Alaska, northern Canada and northern Eurasia. In the shoulder seasons, projected decreases in snow cover and associated reductions in surface albedo are suggested as the largest contributor affecting the accelerated rates of warming in cold extremes. The key findings of this study improve our understanding of the environmental conditions that contribute to the accelerated warming of cold extremes relative to mean temperatures.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported by the Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes (grant CE170100023). Markus G. Donat received funding from the ARC (grant DE150100456) and the Spanish Ministry for the Economy, Industry and Competitiveness Ramón y Cajal 2017 grant reference RYC-2017-22964. We acknowledge the World Climate Research Programme's Working Group on Coupled Modelling, which is responsible for CMIP, and we thank the climate modelling groups (listed in Table 1 of this paper) for producing and making their model output available.
dc.format.extent15 p.
dc.publisherCopernicus Publications
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 Spain
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.rights.uriAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Desenvolupament humà i sostenible::Degradació ambiental::Canvi climàtic
dc.subject.lcshClimatic changes
dc.subject.lcshNorthern Hemisphere
dc.subject.lcshGlobal warming
dc.subject.lcshGreenhouse gases
dc.subject.otherCold extremes
dc.subject.otherNorthern Hemisphere extratropics
dc.titleAmplified warming of seasonal cold extremes relative to the mean in the Northern Hemisphere extratropics
dc.subject.lemacEscalfament global
dc.subject.lemacCanvis climàtics
dc.subject.lemacTemperatura -- Canvis globals
dc.subject.lemacSimulació per ordinador
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
local.citation.publicationNameEarth System Dynamics

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Except where otherwise noted, content on this work is licensed under a Creative Commons license : Attribution 3.0 Spain