Sediment transport and beach profile evolution induced by bi-chromatic wave groups with different group periods
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European Commission's projectHYDRALAB IV - HYDRALAB IV More than water; dealing with the complex interaction of water with environmental elements, sediment, structures and ice (EC-FP7-261520)
In this paper, large-scale experimental data are presented showing the beach profile morphological evolution induced by four different bi-chromatic wave conditions characterized by very similar energy content between them but varying the modulation period. Important differences were observed in the resultant beach profiles as a function of the wave group periods. Larger variability in the profile evolution is generally observed for larger wave group periods and, more importantly, as the wave group period increases the distance between the generated breaker bar and the shoreline increases. The measured primary wave height to depth ratio (¿) increases with the wave group period, which is consistent with the observed larger wave height at the breaking location. The primary wave breaking location is also observed at increasing distances with respect to the initial shoreline as the wave group period increases. The variation in ¿ with wave group period is related to the selective energy dissipation of the higher primary frequency component (f 1) during the wave group shoaling. Broad bandwith conditions (reduced wave group period) lead to larger dissipation of wave heights at the f 1 component relative to f 2 resulting in a reduction in the wave modulation and primary wave height at the breaking location. Suspended sediment fluxes obtained from collocated velocity and sediment concentration measurements in the surf zone showed a consistently larger contribution of the mean return flow to the suspended sediment fluxes compared with the wave group and primary wave components. The distinct beach profile evolution in terms of bar location is interpreted from an increasing distance of the mean breakpoint location and the location of maximum return flow with respect to the shoreline as the wave group period increases.
CitationAlsina, J.; Padilla, E.; Caceres, I. Sediment transport and beach profile evolution induced by bi-chromatic wave groups with different group periods. "Coastal engineering", Agost 2016, vol. 114, p. 325-340.