Model and algorithm of two-stage distribution location routing with hard time window for city cold-chain logistics
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Taking cold-chain logistics as the research background and combining with the overall optimisation of logistics distribution networks, we develop two-stage distribution location-routing model with the minimum total cost as the objective function and varying vehicle capacity in different delivery stages. A hybrid genetic algorithm is designed based on coupling and collaboration of the two-stage routing and transfer stations. The validity and feasibility of the model and algorithm are verified by conducting a randomly generated test. The optimal solutions for different objective functions of two-stage distribution location-routing are compared and analysed. Results turn out that for different distribution objectives, different distribution schemes should be employed. Finally, we compare the two-stage distribution location-routing to single-stage vehicle routing problems. It is found that a two-stage distribution location-routing system is feasible and effective for the cold-chain logistics network, and can decrease distribution costs for cold-chain logistics enterprises.
CitationYan, L.; Grifoll, M.; Zheng, P. Model and algorithm of two-stage distribution location routing with hard time window for city cold-chain logistics. "Applied sciences", Abril 2020, vol. 10, núm. 7, p. 2564:1-2564:16.