3D discrete element modeling of concrete: study of the rolling resistance effects on the macroscopic constitutive behavior
Document typeConference report
Rights accessOpen Access
The Discrete Element Method (DEM) is appropriate for modeling granular materials  but also cohesive materials as concrete when submitted to a severe loading such an impact leading to fractures or fragmentation in the continuum [1, 5, 6, 8]. Contrarily to granular materials, the macroscopic constitutive behavior of a cohesive material is not directly linked to contact interactions between the rigid Discrete Elements (DE) and interaction laws are then defined between DE surrounding each DE. Spherical DE are used because the contact detection is easy to implement and the computation time is reduced in comparison with the use of 3D DE with a more complex shape. The element size is variable and the assembly is disordered to prevent preferential cleavage planes. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the influence of DE rotations on the macroscopic non-linear quasi-static behavior of concrete. Classically, the interactions between DE are modeled by spring-like interactions based on displacements and rotation velocities of DE are only controlled by tangential forces perpendicular to the line linking the two sphere centroids. The disadvantage of this modeling with only spring-like interactions based on displacements is that excessive rolling occurs under shear, therefore the macroscopic behavior of concrete is too brittle. To overcome this problem a non linear Moment Transfer Law (MTL) is introduced to add a rolling resistance to elements. This solution has no influence on the calculation cost and allows a more accurate macroscopic representation of concrete behavior. The identification process of material parameters is given and simulations of tests performed on concrete samples are shown.
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