A traffic simulation tool for assessing smart city policies (CitScale)
Rights accessOpen Access
All rights reserved. This work is protected by the corresponding intellectual and industrial property rights. Without prejudice to any existing legal exemptions, reproduction, distribution, public communication or transformation of this work are prohibited without permission of the copyright holder
Over the last century, cities have developed as a function of increased usage of automobiles as the standard transport mode. The number of cars increased along with the population as highways and parking spots became essential in city planning. Now, there is more focus on how the existing infrastructure could be used as efficiently as possible rather than increasing capacity by merely building new roads. An important part of traffic planning is a sustainable transport system, which thereby reduces congestion and emissions by using the available capacity in a more efficient way. Traffic simulation models are tools for assessing new mobility solutions and analysing changes in the infrastructure, such as rearranging intersections and building new roads. Transportation is undergoing a profound and significant transformation as it seeks to fulfil the promise of connected mobility for people and goods while limiting its carbon footprint. Physical changes to the road network mean large investments that must be comprehensively considered before acting. Modelling different scenarios of infrastructural changes allows making forecasts without any physical changes. Autonomous vehicles are potentially changing the economics of ownership as well as the use of the transportation networks, which will likely accelerate trends towards greater use of app-based ride hailing and/or sharing by private transportation network companies. American and European cities are seeing a rise in several potential business models with varying degrees of ride sharing and public vs. private involvement in delivering mobility services (MaaS). Implications for transit agencies and mobility service providers must be evaluated, and this can be done by traffic simulation models that provide a model-based framework for evaluating the mobility impact of new services.
CitationLinares, M. P.; Lídia Montero; Casanovas, J. A traffic simulation tool for assessing smart city policies (CitScale). "Computing in science and engineering", May-June 1 2020, vol. 22, núm.3, p. 100-112.