MODEX: Laboratory experiment exploring sediment spreading of a mound under waves and currents
Document typeConference report
Rights accessOpen Access
European Commission's projectHYDRALAB-PLUS - HYDRALAB+ Adapting to climate change (EC-H2020-654110)
The dispersal of sand from submerged mounds in the nearshore is driven by the interplay of processes such as converging and recirculating flows, changing roughness, bed slope effects and wave focusing/refraction. This morphological diffusivity is key to understanding sand bars in shallow seas, tidal inlets, estuaries, and the nearshore response to human interventions such as nourishments and dredging. Most of the work on the evolution of submerged mounds has been based on fluvial studies, focusing on flow without waves. In these cases, circular mounds tend to deform to crescentic (barchan) shapes. In contrast, observations of sandbars and berms in the nearshore subjected to waves show much more complex translation and deformation behavior. This contribution introduces the laboratory MOrphological Diffusivity Experiment (MODEX) aimed at examining morphological diffusivity under different forcing conditions. The experiment particularly addresses the linkages between small scale (local) effects (e.g. bed slope, bedforms) on the adjustment of sandy mounds.
Citationde Schipper, M. [et al.]. MODEX: Laboratory experiment exploring sediment spreading of a mound under waves and currents. A: Coastal Sediments. "Coastal Sediments 2019: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Coastal Sediments". World Scientific, 2019, p. 511-524.