On the use of agglomerative and spectral clustering in speaker diarization of meetings
Paper Odyssey 2012 (1,116Mb) (Restricted access) Request copy
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In this paper, we present a clustering algorithm for speaker diarization based on spectral clustering. State-of-the-art diariza- tion systems are based on agglomerative hierarchical clustering using Bayesian Information Criterion and other statistical met- rics among clusters which results in a high computational cost and in a time demanding approach. Our proposal avoids the use of such metrics applying Euclidean distances on the eigenvec- tors computed from the normalized graph Laplacian. A hybrid system is proposed in which HMM/GMM modelling and Viterbi alignment are still applied, but the BIC for merging and stop- ping criterion are substituted by a spectral clustering algorithm. Once an initial segmentation is obtained and the clustering align- ment is computed using the Viterbi algorithm, the remaining clusters are modeled by stacking the means of the Gaussians in a super vector. In such a space single value decomposition of the associated normalized graph Laplacian is computed. Most similar clusters are merged based on the Euclidean distances in resulting eigenspace. Cluster number estimation is based on analyzing eigenstructure of the similarity matrix by selecting a threshold on the eigenvalues gap. In experiments, this ap- proach has obtained a comparable performance to the traditional AHC+BIC approach on the Rich Transcription conference eval- uation data. Although it still relies on Gaussian modelling of clusters and Viterbi alignment, the proposed approach leads to a system which runs several times faster than traditional one.
CitationHernando, J. On the use of agglomerative and spectral clustering in speaker diarization of meetings. A: The Speaker and Language Recognition Workshop. "Odyssey 2012: The Speaker and Language Recognition Workshop". Singapur: 2012, p. 130-137.
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