Transition from Dirac points to exceptional points in anisotropic waveguides
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
Rights accessOpen Access
We uncover the existence of Dirac and exceptional points in waveguides made of anisotropic materials, and study the transition between them. Dirac points in the dispersion diagram appear at propagation directions where the matrix describing the eigenvalue problem for bound states splits into two blocks, sorting the eigenmodes either by polarization or by inner mode symmetry. Introducing a non-Hermitian channel via a suitable leakage mechanism causes the Dirac points to transform into exceptional points connected by a Fermi arc. The exceptional points arise as improper hybrid leaky states and, importantly, are found to occur always out of the anisotropy symmetry planes.
CitationGomis, J.; Artigas, D.; Torner, L. Transition from Dirac points to exceptional points in anisotropic waveguides. "Physical review research", 4 Octubre 2019, vol. 1, núm. 3, p. 033010-1-033010-8.