Explicit finite element implementation of a shape memory alloy constitutive model and associated analyses
Document typeConference report
Rights accessOpen Access
Shape memory alloys (SMA) represent an important class of smart metallic materials employed in various innovative applications thanks to their unique thermomechanical behavior. Since the 1980s, several SMA constitutive models have been proposed and implemented into both commercial and academic ﬁnite element analysis software tools. Such models have demonstrated their reliability and robustness in the design and optimization of a wide variety of SMA-based components. However, most models are implemented using implicit integration schemes, thus limiting their applicability in highly nonlinear analyses. The objective of this work is to present a novel explicit integration scheme for the numerical implementation of the three-dimensional Souza-Auricchio model, a phenomenological model able to reproduce the primary SMA responses (i.e., pseudoelasticity and shape memory eﬀect). The model constitutive equations are formulated by adopting the continuum thermodynamic theory with internal variables, following a plasticity-like approach. An elastic predictor-inelastic corrector scheme is here used to solve the time-discrete non-linear constitutive equations in the explicit framework. The proposed algorithm is investigated through several benchmark boundary-value problems of increasing complexity, considering both pseudoelastic and shape memory response in quasi-static conditions; a comparison with an implicit integration scheme is also performed. Such numerical tests demonstrate the ability of the algorithm to reproduce key material behaviors with eﬀectiveness and robustness. Particularly, the analysis of SMA cables demonstrates the eﬀectiveness of the explicit algorithm to solve complex problems involving widespread nonlinear contact, which prevent the convergence of the implicit scheme. Details such as mass-scaling options are also discussed.
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