Upscaling high activity oxygen evolution catalysts based on CoFe2O4 nanoparticles supported on nickel foam for power-to-gas electrochemical conversion with energy efficiencies above 80%
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We investigate cobalt ferrite nanoparticles (NPs) supported on large-scale electrodes as oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts. Colloidal CoFe2O4 NPs were loaded on low-cost and high surface area nickel foam (NF) scaffolds. The coating process was optimized for large electrode areas, ensuring a proper distribution of the NPs on the NF that allowed overcoming the electrical conductivity limitations of oxide NPs. We were able to produce CoFe2O4-coated NFs having 10¿cm2 geometric surface areas with overpotentials below 300¿mV for the OER at a current density of 50¿mA/cm2. Such impressively low overpotentials suggested using CoFe2O4 NP-based electrodes within a water electrolysis device. In this prototype device, stable operating currents up to 500¿mA at remarkably low cell-voltages of 1.62 and 1.53¿V, at ambient and 50¿°C electrolyte temperatures, respectively, were reached during operation periods of up to 50¿h. The high electrochemical energy efficiencies reached at 50¿mA/cm2, 75% and 81% respectively, rendered these devices particularly appealing to be combined with low-cost photovoltaic systems for bias-free hydrogen production. Therefore, CoFe2O4 NP-based electrolysers were coupled to low-cost thin-film silicon solar cells with 13% efficiency to complete a system that afforded solar-to-fuel efficiencies above 10%.
CitationUrbain, F. [et al.]. Upscaling high activity oxygen evolution catalysts based on CoFe2O4 nanoparticles supported on nickel foam for power-to-gas electrochemical conversion with energy efficiencies above 80%. "Applied catalysis B. Environmental", 15 Desembre 2019, vol. 259, p. 118055:1-118055:10.
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